I’m today with you again. I’m Dr. Aparna Jaswal and from Fortis Escorts Heart Institute New Delhi. And the topic that we chose for today was that we will discuss heart attack.
At the outset, I hope you and your families are safe. And please remember that we have to learn to live with this virus. Please ensure that when you leave your home, you have a good mass, keep social distancing, and keep your hands safe.
So to begin with the topic of interest today, the topic we chose today, as we had discussed last time, was a heart attack. So before we begin to speak about heart attack, let me tell you…
What Is It That Happens Inside The Heart Normally?
So this is the structure of the heart, the heart has four chambers, two upper chambers, and two lower chambers. We are all aware, that heart is the pump, which pumps the blood outside of the body to enter the entire body and supply blood to the entire body. It’s very interesting to know that the heart itself does not receive blood from here, but the heart has its special blood vessels.
The blood vessels of the heart arise from here, and They go like this. So you can see that the heart has its special blood supply. These blood vessels of the heart run on the surface of the heart and supply rich, oxygenated blood to the heart muscle, the heart muscle is a very important pump. This heart muscle pump is the pump that is responsible for the pumping of blood to the entire body.
As a result, it must receive very good blood to itself. As you can see, it receives the best blood. As soon as the blood leaves the heart, the first blood vessels to arise are the heart blood vessels. So, the heart blood vessels received the Best blood. So, you can see these other blood vessels of the heart. As you can see on this drawing, we have three blood vessels of the heart; there is one lung vessel on the right.
And we have two blood vessels on the left. So, these are the three main blood vessels of the heart. These vessels further have small branches, but they are not as important for you to understand, you should know that there are three blood vessels of the heart and they supply blood to the heart.
So, what happens when you get a heart attack is what you need to understand.
So, if we were to open up this blood vessel, there are the numbers
The blood vessel is a smooth more structure, it is very smooth, and the black does not stick to it at all. It smoothly flows inside in one direction. What happens is as we get older or if we eat diet, which is a very high fat, or if we are genetically inclined, or if you are a smoker, and you have lifestyle diseases, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, what happens in that is that there is a breather within this blood vessel, which should be very smooth, there can be a buildup of fat and cholesterol. There as you can see, there is a buildup of fat and cholesterol as you keep leading an unhealthy life or smoker or are genetically inclined.
What is on Discarded Black?
Now, these are the blockages that form inside the blood vessel of the heart. How does a heart attack happen? What happens and can happen at any time? If you have some blockages inside your blood vessels.
What Happens to These Blockages They Can burst Why?
Divorced, they burst because it can happen at times if you have intense stress or if a back pressure suddenly increases or they can be a myriad of reasons, where this blood vessel is, this block can burst as soon as this block bursts, you should remember these small timid blood vessels, they are about three mm full mm wide.
So, when this block bursts, this whole blood vessel gets blocked, no, why does this get blocked, this gets blocked, because you are aware if you get a cut on your finger of blood clot forms. Similarly, when they cut on this, I told you the blood clot bursts, there is a clot inside whenever this clot falls, the blood which was going here, through this blood vessel is unable to go ahead, the blood vessel is cut off, there is a certain cutoff. So, what happens, you have to understand, I showed you this is the heart. This heart I told you when receiving blood, if the blood clot drops here, there is no blood, which can go and supply this muscle. As they design what happens.
You Have Phases These Types of Problems
Supposing there is a sudden blockage of this blood vessel, you must understand we will present with sudden onset of symptoms. So understand again, that this is the heart which has four chambers, two upper chambers, and two lower chambers. And the blood vessel was supplying the heart, the blood vessels of the heart.
Now, this vessel if gets blocked, this part of the heart was receiving blood from this nervous because there will be no blood supply, there will be a sudden cry from the heart that I need help. How will the heart tell us the heart tells us a sudden onset, which is excruciating, it can be excruciating pain, sudden onset in the center of the chest, where the patient complains as if somebody has tied a band. This pain can go over your shoulders, it can come up to your jaws, it can go to the inner side of your left arm.
It can present in this way typically, it can also present in different ways, as the patient ages complained of nausea, vomiting, success and sweating or just some job a Remember, if you are faced with any such symptoms, which you have never experienced before, it is telling you the hardest telling you that I need medical attention. So let me let you again if you present with symptoms such as retrospect right in the center of the heart as if somebody has put a weight on your chest, or a band is tied across your chest wall, or the pain is relating to your shoulders, to your jaw bone on the inside of your arm. And if it lasts for more than 30 minutes, it means it could potentially be a heart attack because the heart is crying for help, it needs help, it is telling you that you should seek medical attention.
In such cases, the intervention of a heart specialist like a Best Heart Specialist In Delhi is recommended.
Consult Today! Dr. Aparna Jaswal is an Acknowledged Expert in Cardiology at Fortis Escorts Heart Institute
With more than 22 years of experience, Dr. Aparna Jaswal is a renowned cardiologist and electrophysiologist.
She has been actively involved in the Department of Cardiac Pacing and Electrophysiology.
She has attained fellowship from Heart Rhythm Society and American College of Cardiology, the USA as well as training in Cardiac Electrophysiology at St. Luke’s Hospital, Milwaukee, USA.
Dr. Jaswal has won many accolades, including Dr. Wazir Gold Medal; Pinnamineni Venkateswara Rao Gold Medal, and Prof DP Basu Memorial Award.
So if you see any centers, which are or which you have never been faced before, you must go to your doctor and have an ECG done.
he has the tag of being the first electrophysiologist to start an EP program in Mauritius in November 2010.
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